An Introduction to Largemouth Bass

Fishing Guides / March 6, 2017

Why Largemouth Bass?

Why not?

Everyone loves Largemouth Bass. It’s an aggressive biter. Its lively. It’s a strong fighter. Largemouth jump, peel off line, and they try to wrap you around weeks and docks. It’s easy to see why everyone is so excited about catching one of these beasts.

We all have seen the pictures of a fisherman with the pole pulled back, the line tight and at the other end is a largemouth bass jumping out of the water putting up the fight of his life. The fight is fun and the prize of the catch is even better.

What Fish Family?

Bass belong to the sunfish family and come in two distinct breeds: the Northern Largemouth and the Florida Largemouth. The largest differences between the two boils down to size.

The Florida Largemouth has a bigger scale pattern and scale size.  It often has a darker and more visible lateral line system. The Florida Largemouth bass grow to enormous size compared to the northern large mouth.

A very old and large Northern Largemouth may reach 10-12 pounds in the same time a Florida Largemouth might top 18-20 pounds.

If you have watched a fishing show, you have probably seen more of the Florida Largemouth Bass. The sheer size and fight is what keeps you watching that fishing show every week. Most of us have grown up watching those fishing shows and dreaming of the moment when you land on of those Florida Largemouths.

Where Do They Live?

Most of us have chased largemouth bass in a variety of locations. We know they are found around weedy natural lakes, reservoirs with woody cover, slow moving streams, and small ponds. Residing in those locations adds to the thrill of fishing largemouth bass.

They are move active in warmer water, from about 68 to 80-degree water temperatures.  Large Mouth bass live in clear to muddy water, with visibility ranging from inches to more than 10 feet.

Largemouths, depending on the type, are fascinating fish. They can be somewhat salt-water tolerant, unlike many other freshwater fish, so they can be found in estuaries and tidewaters.

What Do Bass Eat?

Largemouth are some of the least selective eaters among fish, likely only second to the catfish. The choice of food for the largemouth bass can create a tremendous opportunity for fishermen. Largemouth Bass will eat cCrawfish, worms, slugs, minnows, and smaller largemouth bass. Everything becomes fair game for the largemouth. Given they eat many things, this is where knowing what tackle you have will be a blessing as you chase them in your favorite fishing hole.


When water warms to around 60 degrees, bass begin creating nests to spawn in. Professional fishermen advise to find these nests and cast at them. The purpose isn’t to entice a bass into its next meal while waiting on its nest, but to clutter the bass’s new nest, forcing the bass to move the lure. Bass only have one option to transport debris or clutter off their nest with: their mouth. As soon as the bass goes to move your jig or Texas rig off its nest, BAM! You set the hook. This bass technique has the potential to produce some of the biggest largemouth hogs in your career fishing.

Key Largemouth Locations

Man-Made Lakes Natural Lakes Rivers
Spring Shallow mud bays Creek/Lake arms Shallow areas
Spawning Time Bays and Shorelines with a solid bottom Bends and intersections /Deep creek channels/ Timbered Flats Shallow areas, stump fields.
Summer Weed lines, rocks, solid cover, Slop bays Standing timber/Timbered flats/structure Sloughs with current, Deep channels
Fall Underwater structures and shallow water on warm days Creek arms off of natural lakes Undercut banks and ledges
Winter See fall  

Deep lake channels


Deep holes and channels


Final Thought

Are you ready to catch largemouth instead of chasing them around a lake?

If you want yo start catching them, you will need to increase your knowledge of the characteristics of the largemouth bass. Knowing more about them will give you more opportunities to catch them!


Happy Fishing

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